These remote South Atlantic outposts where there are more penguins than people may be windswept, but the islands are a haven for wildlife and a paradise for those who wish to see it: albatrosses nest in the tussac grass, sea lions breed on the beaches and dolphins cruise off the coast.
About 640 km (400 miles) east of the South American mainland, the Falklands Islands/Islas Malvinas are made up of two large islands and over 748 smaller ones. Together with distant neighbours South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, they are the only part of South America where the British monarch’s head appears on the stamps. The islands’ remoteness adds to the charm of being able to see marine wildlife and, above all, penguins at close range. Based on 2010 census figures from Falklands Conservation, there are about 400,000 breeding pairs of five species of penguin (king, magellanic, gentoo, rockhopper, macaroni) in the islands. This compares with a human population of just 2844 (according to preliminary results from the 2016 census).
The capital, Stanley, is a small, modern town, with reminders of its seafaring past in the hulks of sailing ships in the harbour. To visit the camp, as the land outside Stanley is known, 4WD vehicles make tours and you can fly to farming and island outposts for warm hospitality, huge skies and unparalleled nature watching.
In accordance with the practice suggested by the UN, we are calling the islands by both their English and Spanish names.