National parks

Paraguay is a confluence of globally important ecoregions and has a rich biodiversity. This abundance of wildlife is especially visible in the still largely pristine Chaco, especially in its remote national parks, along the Río Pilcomayo, and the frontier with Bolivia. Current estimates include 13,000 plant species, 100,000 invertebrates (including 765 species of butterfly), 300 species of fish, 120 reptiles, 100 amphibians, 687 birds and 171 mammals. Paraguay has an extensive network of state-protected areas, including 11 national parks, plus seven reserves under the management of the Itaipú and Yacyretá dam companies, and three legally recognized private reserves.
Unfortunately, many of these protected areas exist solely on paper, and the whole system is under- funded. Visiting the protected areas is not always easy; contact the relevant authorities.  For a list of all protected areas (public and private), see For state-protected areas:
Secretaría del Ambiente
; for Itaipú and Yacyretá:
the r
elevant environmental departments; for private reserves:
Fundación Moisés Bertoni para la Conservación de la Naturaleza
 an NGO for conservation.
Fundación Ecocultura
, has a website in Spanish on a variety of topics, Another organization to contact is
, partner of BirdLife International, which has information for birdwatchers, naturalists and biologists and can advise on eco- and rural touris
This is edited copy from Footprint Handbooks. For comprehensive details (incl address, tel no, directions, opening times and prices) please refer to book or individual chapter PDF
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