Antigua is rightly one of Guatemala's most popular destinations. It overflows with colonial architecture and fine churches on streets that are linked by squat houses, painted in ochre shades and topped with terracotta tiles, basking in the fractured light of the setting sun. Antigua is a very attractive city and is the cultural centre of Guatemala; arts flourish here. Maya women sit in their colourful clothes amid the ruins and in the Parque Central. In the late-afternoon light, buildings such as Las Capuchinas are beautiful, and in the evening the cathedral is wonderfully illuminated as if by candlelight. Around Antigua are a cluster of archaeological sites, highland villages and volcanoes to explore.
Until it was heavily damaged by an earthquake in 1773,
Antigua was the capital city. Founded in 1543, after the destruction of
an even earlier capital, Ciudad Vieja, it grew to be the finest city in
Central America, with numerous great churches, a university (1676), a
printing press (founded 1660), and a population of around 50,000,
including many famous sculptors, painters, writers and craftsmen.
Antigua has consistently been damaged by earthquakes. Even
when it was the capital, buildings were frequently destroyed and
rebuilt, usually in a grander style, until the final cataclysm in 1773.
For many years it was abandoned, and most of the accumulated treasures
were moved to Guatemala City. Although it slowly repopulated in the 19th
century, little was done to prevent further collapse of the main
buildings until late in the 20th century when the value of the remaining
monuments was finally appreciated. Since 1972, efforts to preserve what
was left have gained momentum, and it is now a UNESCO World Heritage
Site. The major earthquake of 1976 was a further setback, but you will
see many sites that are busy with restoration, preservation or simple
clearing. If the city was not treasure enough, the setting is truly
memorable. Volcán Agua (3766 m) is due south and the market is to the
west, behind which hang the imposing peaks of Volcán Acatenango (3976 m)
and Volcán Fuego (3763 m), which still emits the occasional column of
ash as a warning of the latent power within.
This is edited copy from Footprint Handbooks. For comprehensive details (incl address, tel no, directions, opening times and prices) please refer to book or individual chapter PDF